Procedure for Health benefits of Allspice :
The active principles in the allspice found to have been anti-inflammatory, rubefacient (warming and soothing), carminative and anti-flatulent properties.
Allspice contains health benefiting essential oils such as eugenol, a phenylpropanoids class of chemical compound, which gives pleasant, sweet aromatic fragrances to this spice. It also contains caryophyllene, methyleugenol, glycosides, tannins, quercetin, resin, and sesquiterpenes. At the processing units, these volatile essential oils are obtained through distillation process using this spice corn. The outer coat of the allspice-berries is believed to have the greatest concentration of some of the compounds of medicinal activities.
As in black peppercorns, the active principles in the allspice may increase the motility of the gastro-intestinal tract as well as augment the digestion power by increasing enzyme secretions inside the stomach and intestines.
Eugenol, has local anesthetic and antiseptic properties, hence; useful in gum and dental treatment procedures. Recent research studies have shown that preparation made from allspice oil mixed with extractions from garlic, and oregano can work against E.coli, Salmonella and L.monocytogenes infections.
The spice is enriched with the good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, copper, selenium, and magnesium. Iron is an important co-factor for cytochrome-oxidase enzymes during cellular metabolism. It is also required for red blood cell production in the bone marrow. Being an important component of cell and body fluids, potassium helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the powerful antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
Further, the spice also contains very good amounts of vitamin A, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), riboflavin, niacin and vitamin-C. Vitamin C is a powerful natural antioxidant; regular consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.
Medicinal Uses of Allspice :
The essential oil, eugenol derived from the allspice berry has been in therapeutic use in dentistry as a local anesthetic and antiseptic for teeth and gum.
A kind of decoction obtained from this spice sometimes used in treating flatulence and indigestion in traditional medicine. However, there is little or no scientific data to support such claims.
The essential volatile oils in the pimento spice work as a rubefacient, (meaning that it irritates local skin area and expands blood vessels resulting in increasing blood flow to make skin feel warmer). Its oil is a popular home remedy for arthritis and sore muscles, used either as a poultice or in hot baths.
Culinary Uses of Allspice :
To keep fragrance and flavor, allspice should be ground just before preparing dishes and added to the cooking recipes in the final stages.
Here are some serving methods:
Pimentocorns widely used in the Caribbean cuisine. In Jamaica, along with the scotch bonnet peppers, they are one of the two main ingredients in popular Jamaican jerk spice. Along with other complementing spices, its mixture (paste) is being used to rub, and to marinate chicken, fish, and meat.
Some Indian vegetarian and chicken curries found extensive use of this spice. In the Middle East, it employed in meat and rice dishes.
The spice has also used in the preparation of soups, barbecue sauces, pickling and as a main ingredient in a variety of curry powders.
It also employed to prepare liquors in many Caribbean countries. A kind of local drink known as Jamaican dram made from using allspice.